. . . . . . . . Dinosaur Discs Magazine November 2017 No. 112
This mini information magazine on old records is issued monthly and covers many aspects of collecting 78rpm records
Unusual Labels:

Defiance

Like last month's example, this dates from World War One, the logo a gallant Britisher standing on deck with two canons powerfully backing him up.
I have only seen this one example. It carries the following matrices:
A9 The Church Parade 031238
A10 Semper Fidelis 030773.
These look to be American recordings that were distributed over here also on the Britannic label.
The record itself is made of an unbreakable material, obviously so that if a Zeppelin landed on it, it could defy the Kaiser's villainy!

EXTRA ARTICLES
From The Stage August 11th 1960- details of those who had made the now defunct 78s.
This was a Special Summer Show Number.

The Big Show of 1960 in Bournemouth attracted "fascinatingly mixed audiences," not surprising as it had three very varied stars. "Al Read scores with his zestful comic impressions... Dora Bryan is specially funny in an Alan Melville sketch about a girl's visit to a psychiatist... Marty Wilde and the Wildcats let themselves go with a beat that's hard to beat."
One star on the comeback trail was George Formby, "looking ten years younger than when he last opened a Blackpool season in 1954." The show was The Time of His Life, critic James Hartley writing, "in his performance you can sense it- and it's that comfortable, relaxed, easy going style that makes him a 1960 winner." Mollie Elis concurred, adding, "George has developed a relaxed presentation which seems to take nothing out of him, but which, by its very ease, appears to give audiences everything." Another Blackpool show was Seeing Stars, "beamed at teenagers." That meant Adam Faith, "casual, relaxed, but capable of swift transition into action... a style that is distinctly his own... with his appealing, at times slightly bewildered look." Then there was Emile Ford, "authentic charm and style."
More traditional fare at Eastbourne, Sandy Powell in his twelfth season of Starlight. "Sandy is as dapper, energetic and above all, as homely as ever, a quality that has endeared him to Eastbourne audiences down the years."
Dear old Clarkie, Clarkson Rose has put on Twinkle at the Pier Pavilion Worthing for the fourth season, though this show had run in various formats for 40 years. But for 1960 "the accent is on youth with Clarkie appearing less fequently... but still delighting the public with a selection of carefully studied characters varying from his famous Dames to centenarians, sans everything but a grand sense of comedy."
There's an advert by The Southlanders, who recorded on Decca, including Penny Loafers and Bobby Socks, coupled with Put a Light in the Window, on F10982.
Shani Wallis is pictured in her role of Irma La Douce. Critic Eric Johns liked her girl-next-door approach, "the Irma of Miss Wallis admits there is no cure for l'amour."

A Beginner's Guide to 78's
A few simple facts about 78rpm records, if you are new to the hobby.

Question: What does 78rpm mean? 78 revolutions per minute, that's the speed at which the record should be played on your gramophone. However before the speed was regularised, recordings in the first decade of the last century were often made at speeds of anything from 70 to over 90rpm. Hence gramophones often had speed regulators, which were there for this reason and not, as some supposed, so you could get a good laugh by listening to 78's going at twice the speed they should be played!
Question: Who invented records? Although Thomas Edison invented the phonograph, which is also confusingly what the gramophone became known as in USA, the flat disc machine and records were invented by Emile Berliner, whose US Gramophone Company first issued recordings in 1894.
Question: When was the first British record made? Berliner's company (subsequently it became HMV) started recording in Britain in August 1898.
Question: What is the best book on the history of 78's? Roland Gelatt: The Fabulous Phonograph is the most readable, though for the early history of HMV, the book by pioneer recording engineer Fred Gaisberg Music On Record is the most fascinating.
Question: Who is the dog on HMV records? He was called Nipper and he died around 1895. He was painted by Francis Barraud, originally listening to a cylinder machine, but William Barry Owen saw its potential for Berliner's Gramophone Company and bought the copyright, with the painting emended to that of a disc machine. At 100, it must have been one of the astutest business deals anytime! Nipper is now commemorated by a plaque in Kingston Surrey.
Question: What are 78's made of? Most 78's were made of shellac. Pioneers tried various forms of rubber, tin, you name it they tried it! In the early 30's some forms of plastic and cardboard were attempted, unsuccessfully because the tone arms on the gramophones were far too heavy. Vinyl came in during the latter part of the 1950's, and the old disaster of sitting on a 78 accidentally, thereby smashing it into little pieces, was finally gone.
Question: When were the last 78's made? In Britain, EMI ceased production of 78's in early 1960, though Woolworth's Embassy label continued until 1961 issuing 78's. You could still buy 78's to special order for a while, and children's records in the 1960's were often made at 78rpm. The last 'proper' British 78's (ie not special reissues) date from 1968. Abroad, 78's were issued commercially in the 1960's, who knows when the very last commercial one was made in the whole world?

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